To celebrate The International Women’s Day, I decided to compile a list featuring some seriously badass women!
1) Artemisia of Caria, Queen of Halicarnassus! She was a naval commander for Xerxes the Great’s Persian military in the 5th century BCE. She personally commanded her contribution of five ships at the naval battle of Artemisium and in the naval Battle of Salamis in 480 BCE.
2)Laskarina Bouboulina! She was a Greek naval commander. She financed and took control of the flagship of the fledgling Greek navy, which she named the Agamemnon, and commanded an eight-strong fleet in the ultimately successful Greek War of Independence. After her death she was given the rank of admiral in the Russian Imperial Navy.
3) Jennie Irene Hodgers! She dressed as a man and assumed the name Albert Cashier to serve in the Union Army during the American Civil War. Cashier ended up under the command of Ulysses S. Grant himself, and partook in 40 notoriously bloody battles before she was captured. She overpowered her Confederate captors, and continued to fight until 1865.
4) Emmeline Pankhurst! She was a British political activist and leader of the British suffragette movement!
5) Victoria Woodhull! She was an American leader of the suffragette movement! She was also the first female candidate for President of the United States in 1872!
6) Nancy Wake! She served as a British Special Operations Executive agent during the later part of World War II. She was one of the Allies’ most decorated servicewomen of the war and the Gestapo’s most wanted person!
7) Eileen Nearne! She was a member of the UK’s Special Operations Executive during World War II. Nearne was dropped by parachute into occupied France to relay messages from the French resistance. She was eventually arrested by the Nazis, tortured, and sent to the Ravensbruck concentration camp. She managed to escape the Nazis and was awarded the Croix de Guerre by the French and was made a Member of the Order of the British Empire after the war.
8) Roza Shanina! She was a Soviet sniper during World War II, credited with fifty-nine confirmed kills, including twelve soldiers during the Battle of Vilnius.
9) Marina Raskova! She was the first woman to become a navigator in the Soviet Air Force in 1933. She founded three female air regiments during WWII, the most famous of Raskova’s units terrorized the Nazis and earned themselves the nickname “Night Witches.” An American “Liberty Ship” was named in her honour after her death.
10) Lyudmila Pavlichenko! Russian Sniper with 309 confirmed kills, including 36 enemy snipers.
Pavlichenko earned the title “Hero of the Soviet Union”. After the war, she completed her university degree and became a historian and served on the Soviet Committee of the Veterans of War.
11) Beryl Markham! She became the first woman to fly solo across the Atlantic from east to west!
12) Hanna Reitsch! She was a German aviator who set over forty aviation altitude and endurance records during her career! She was the first woman to fly a helicopter, a rocket plane, and a jet fighter.
13) Jacqueline Cochran! She was the first woman to compete in the MacRobertson Air Race in 1934. In 1937, she was the only woman to compete in the Bendix race. That year, she also set a new woman’s national speed record. By 1938, she was considered the best female pilot in the United States. She had won the Bendix and set a new transcontinental speed record as well as altitude records. Cochran was the first woman to fly a bomber across the Atlantic. She won five Harmon Trophies as the outstanding woman pilot in the world. Sometimes called the “Speed Queen”, at the time of her death, no other pilot held more speed, distance or altitude records in aviation history than Cochran.
14) Valentina Tereshkova! She was the first woman to travel into space!
15) Sally Ride! She was the first American Woman in Space
16) Eileen Collins! She was the first female pilot and first female commander of a Space Shuttle.
17) Kay Cottee! She was the first female sailor to perform a single-handed, non-stop circumnavigation of the world. It took 189 days.
18) Fanny Bullock Workman! She was an American geographer, cartographer, explorer, travel writer, and mountaineer, notably in the Himalaya. She was one of the first female professional mountaineers. She set several women’s altitude records and championed women’s rights and women’s suffrage.
19) Ida Laura Pfeiffer. She was one of the first female explorers, whose popular books were translated into seven languages. She was a member of geographical societies of both Berlin and Paris, but not of Royal Geographical Society in London due to her gender.
20) Lady Hester Lucy Stanhope. She is considered the first biblical archeologist. Her archaeological expedition to Ashkelon in 1815 is considered the first modern excavation in the history of Holy Land archeology & her use of a medieval Italian document is described as “one of the earliest uses of textual sources by field archaeologists”.
All information & photos taken from various sources online.